A clear understanding of the rules up-front helps to avoid problems down the road. This can be especially true when it comes to government programs and the tax implications they represent. For example – Health Savings Accounts (HSA), a popular type of tax-advantaged medical savings account available to individuals enrolled in high deductible health plans (HDHPs).
Individuals can use HSAs to pay for expenses covered under the HDHP until their deductible has been met, or they can use their HSAs to pay for qualified medical expenses that are not covered under the HDHP, such as dental or vision expenses.
HSAs provide a triple tax advantage—contributions, interest and earnings, and amounts distributed for qualified medical expenses are all exempt from federal income tax, Social Security/Medicare tax and most state income taxes. But because of an HSA’s potential tax savings, federal tax law includes strict rules for HSAs, including limits on annual contributions and HDHP cost sharing. These limits, which can vary based on whether an individual has self- only or family coverage under an HDHP, include:
- The maximum HSA contribution limit;
- The minimum deductible amount for HDHPs; and
- The maximum out-of-pocket expense limit for HDHPs.
Eligible individuals with self-only HDHP coverage will be able to contribute $3,650 to their HSAs for 2022, up from $3,600 for 2021. Eligible individuals with family HDHP coverage will be able to contribute $7,300 to their HSAs for 2022, up from $7,200 for 2021. Individuals who are age 55 or older are permitted to make an additional $1,000 “catch-up” contribution to their HSAs. The minimum deductible amount for HDHPs remains the same for 2022 plan years ($1,400 for self-only coverage and $2,800 for family coverage). However, the HDHP maximum out-of- pocket expense limit increases to $7,050 for self-only coverage and $14,100 for family coverage.
Employers that sponsor HDHPs should review their plan’s cost-sharing limits (minimum deductibles and maximum out-of-pocket expense limit) for 2022. Also, employers that allow employees to make pre-tax HSA contributions should update their plan communications for the increased contribution limits.
Contact the Benefits Team at The Reschini Group for more information.
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The Reschini Group provides these updates for information only, and does not provide legal advice. To make decisions regarding insurance matters, please consult directly with a licensed insurance professional or firm.